Fine motor development contributes to the development of
communication skills in young children.
What are fine motor skills?
Fine motor skills are those skills which require a child to
manipulate and gain control over a range of materials and
tools. These are often for communication purposes both functional
and expressive, eg writing a name or message, manipulating
a computer mouse, creating a sculpture. Opportunities to develop
these skills exist in all six key learning areas of the primary
The components of fine motor skills can be considered to be:
- Grasping -eg using a crayon, pencil, brush, glue stick,
- Manipulating - eg playdough, clay, unifix, centicubes,
paper, sewing, scissors, fingerplays
- Hand-eye co-ordination - eg writing, cutting, threading,
moving a cursor, using a glue gun
Structured learning experiences such as developmental play
and learning centres are opportunities for teachers to provide
a range of activities which will help develop the fine motor
skills of children. These will often include materials such
as playdough, clothes pegs, sorting, Lego, construction toys,
bottles and lids, paper, pens, paints and other media, computer-based
This section provides some examples through work samples of
children working on the development of these skills. The samples
focus on the Early Stage One and Stage One outcomes and indicators.
The activities that the students are engaged in are drawn
from learning experiences from different K-6 syllabus documents.
The Linkages project appreciates the support and assistance
from the students and teachers at the following schools.
Campsie Public School
Canterbury South Public School
Daceyville Public School
Kyeemagh Public School
Lucas Heights Community School